Are sub-Saharan Africa’s abundant mineral and fuel resources undermining prospects for development in the region? An inﬂuential body of research asserts that natural resources curse the countries that possess them with a host of undesirable outcomes — from economic stagnation, to authoritarian rule, to violent conﬂict. Africa is no stranger to these maladies. With international commodity prices booming, its dependence on resource exports is unlikely to diminish anytime soon. Is Africa suffering from a resource curse?
Resource-rich countries are said to be more prone to negative outcomes ranging from slow economic growth, underinvestment in human capital, and environmental degradation to corruption, authoritarian rule, and violent conflict.
We, the representatives of over 300 members of Civil Society Organisations; Faith Based Organisations, Pan-African Networks and Organisations, Labour Movements, media, international partners and Community Based Organisations, have met from 9th – 12th February, 2015, in Cape Town to share experiences and deliberate on the role and the impacts of extractives on communities, the environment, animal life and society at large.
Third World Network-Africa (the secretariat of the pan-African network African Initiative on Mining, Environment and Society (AIMES)), the Southern African Resource Watch (SARW) and ITUC-Africa are convening a conference of activists in Lusaka, Zambia 19 - 20 November 2014.
SARW will hold a meeting on 13-14 October in Kampala on the rational and non-conflictual exploitation of natural resources between countries of the Great Lakes Region.
This is a follow up of the meeting that was held in Kinshasa on 29-30 may when consultants recruited to conduct a research in DRC, Angola and Uganda presented their findings and these were enriched by officials of government and civil society as well as other researchers from the 3 countries.
Global and regional mechanisms for natural resource governance such as PWYP, EITI, KCP, Frank-Dodd Act, and the AMV have evolved against the backdrop of ideas and practices undergirding the resource curse.
The District has a population of about 298,352. It has one additional town called Maputsoe and Matukeng, it hosts the most important market in the country by the name of Hlotse.
The mining and minerals sector fiscal and taxation regime
The District has a population of 129,137, in the eastern part it shares the border with KwaZulu-Natal and domestically, it shares boundaries with, Mokhotlong in the northeast, Leribe in the north, Berea in the northwest, Maseru in the west, Mohale’s Hoek in the south east and Qacha’s Nek in the South. The district has no established mining operations, but according to the local people, there have been a lot of institutions including University that have taken mineral samples from the area.
The District has a population of about 174,924. It borders South Africa’s Free State and Eastern Cape in the east and south respectively. It also has boarders with the following districts in Lesotho: Mafeteng, Maseru, Thaba-Tseka, Qacha’s Nek and Quithing. The District has no tangible mining activities apart from quarrying and illegal extraction of sand.
The following were issues identified during the Community Mapping exercise;
During the consultations there were issues which consistently came up in all the district consultations. These issues relate to the fiscal and taxation regime, the legal and regulatory framework, infrastructure development and value-addition, local empowerment and integration, Artisanal and Small-scale Mining, the lack of transparency and accountability in the sector and environmental and social accountability.
The fiscal and taxation regime