Despite the abundant natural resources’ (minerals, forest, water) Zambia still continues to wallow in poverty (64 per cent in poverty and 50 percent in extreme poverty). In line with their custodian responsibility Zambian chiefs from North-western, eastern, Luapula and Copper belt Province met on the 20th April at Crossroads’ Lodge, Olympia, and Lusaka met under the auspices of the Southern Africa Resources Watch (SARW) and the Zambian House of Chiefs. Zambian civil society organizations that work on the extractive industries were also represented. The overall aim of the consultation was to discuss the role of traditional leaders in resource management with the view to increase communities’ involvement in resource governance. Each chief briefed the meeting of the challenges his chiefdom is facing.